Juliana Caroline Rebecca Adriana Nugent

Juliana Caroline Rebecca Adriana Nugent

b: AFT 1787
d: 10 MAR 1833
64 Welbeck Street (her father's last house)
England From the Chaplin and Skinner family book:

Colonel Nugent to his daughter Julia Caroline Rebecca Adriana (afterwards Mrs. Ayrton) when at school at 56 Mecklenburgh Street, Dublin

Harcourt Street. 3lst August. 1795
My dear Julia,
Your letter, which was very well written and well spelt, should not have been so long unanswered but that I was for some time in the Country. I am rejoiced to hear that you are the best of girls, and very fond of your books. You must be sensible, my dear child. what pains your dear Grandmama [Mrs. Rebecca Nugent, Colonel Nugent's mother] and I are taking to make you an accomplished woman. You have now another person to please, to whom I hope you are equally dutiful and attentive, I was greatly disappointed in not having the happiness of seeing you this summer, but hope to make amends for it the next, when I trust I shall find you and your sister everything my fondest wishes would expect.
I particularly recommend French, Geography. and Arithmetick. Music. Drawing. and Dancing are too pleasing for you not to wish to excell in, In dancing be compleatly mistress of the Scotch steps, scarcely any else being used except for the Cotillon Whenever you hear a word in convenrsation that you do not thoroughly understand, immediately apply to the dictionary. Ever, my dear child,
Your most affectionate father.

Colonel Nugent to his daughter as above, and letter from Mrs. Rebecca Nugent written on the same sheet of paper
10th October, 1798
My dear Julia,
I was very much pleased with your letter to your Grandmama and myself, as it had appeared you had taken pains with your writing. Lord Chesterfield says a man may write any hand he pleases, and I am sure a Lady may do the same Your Translation was also very well Let me beg of you, my dear child, to take the opportunity you now have of making yourself acquainted with History,
particularly of England. You have that of every Country in the Library, and it will be your own fault if you do not make use of it Tell your Mama I am glad to hear she is recovered: allmost every one here has been attacked in the same way. Desire her by return of Post to let me know what money she
received from Hutchinson, and what is due. The Duke of York is return'd to town, and I hope tomorrow to have the honour ot waiting on him. Give my love to your Mama, James, and the Major's Family; compts. to Miss Forths, Capt. and Mrs. Gorman, and Mr. Richards. x x x x &c., &c., &c. There, divide them between you and James Did they take care of the apples? Ever, my dear child.
Your affectionate Father,

My dear Julia,
I have been a good deal taken up by your Uncle and Aunt Jones, who have moved to Newington lately, which I fear with respect to business will be out of the fryingpan into the fire. Mrs. Jones is very poorly too, my sister Milward no better; but numbers of people have been ill. Tell your Mama she wanted me near her to air her clothes; put her in mind of such things, my Julia, and mind your own -Dublin is not India. Give my love to her, and tell her I am glad she is recovered, and that I hope you will keep in health, Your papa is not at angry at your commissions. You were always moderate, and he would be ever happy to oblige you. Tell me if you want anything else or if your Mama wishes for anything from Mann or Harris's. I am glad Mrs. Bree is so happy. Davis's are to be in Town this week; the family at Greenwich very well. They went to see "The Earl of Essex " performed at the School where Charles is - it was well acted. Your papa and I past one day at Greenwich, and last Sunday we went to Spring Gardens Chapel, and the Jones' dined here. Pray do not be so impatient for his return. I am not tired of him yet, and you may keep the great chair aired; remember I was more than two years without seeing him. Give my love to James, my Brothers and their Familys I am pleased to hear the former is a good boy, his attempt at writing was more than I ever received from Edward, and makes me hope he is Docile. Tell him I will answer the next. I owe your Mama two or three I believe, but she must give me credit. My sisters live so far off that the walks tire me, and between whiles I get headache and am ill. Mary desires her duty to you both; her Father now comes often to see her. Miss Dillon, Mrs Lisle, and all my friends send love, and with me will be happy to see you both when time and opportunity allows; peace and a little more money will bring that opportunity about Till when, and ever, may God bless you, my dear, and twenty times dear, Julia. I should like to kiss you, but am not clever at marking those things.

Your ever affect. Grandmama,
R. N

From Matilda Adriana Ayrton (her daughter's) memoirs written in 1899:

My impression (of her in 1818) was of a tall lady, dressed in white, working at children's clothes and telling us stories, often jumping up excitedly about some mischief a child was doing, or some noise of breakage.

My mother lived with (her grandmother Nugent and her daughter Aunt Peggy) when she was sent from India (Bombay) a little girl of six or seven and they loved her more, I think, than her own mother who, like many mothers in those days, did not care for a child marked by small-pox...... This Aunt spent an hour daily over her hair, which curled and was of a fine gold brown. My grandfather told me, when he came from India a few years later, he went to the school (Miss Linwood's at Leicester, famous for needlework, then very fashionable) to see if he could recognise her, and picked her out directly, as he was sure there could not be another child with such hair. She got the small-pox about sixteen. I think it must have made her rather sad and shy, for I was told she was a lively girl who used to sing. I never heard her sing, except to send a child to sleep - she could much enjoy a joke, and was evenly cheerful and patient.

My mother lived with the greatest economy that (my father) might the sooner have made enough money to return (from India). We were quite aware of all this. If we wanted to have things or to incur any expense, we used to be told papa would never come back if we spent so much. ........ Now and then at her father's request, she would go with her mother to make a grand visit, with her footman carrying a long gilt-headed stick behind them.

I was ill some time with fever, my mother watching me day and night. At this time we were daily expecting my father's return from India, and one day the servant brought up a rather large letter. "The banker" said my mother; she opened it, began to read, gave a sort of shriek, and left the room. I was in bed too weak to move. I lay wondering what it was. I had heard of people losing all their money, and thought the banker had written to say we had lost all ours, like the West Indians we knew. I was not much distressed, and began planning how we should live, which amused me. Then I heard grandpapa's step, and directly felt satisfied that he would make mamma happy. Then the servant who had gone to fetch him came to me when I asked her after mamma. She said "She can't come in because she is crying so! Your pa is dead!" I could hardly believe her, for I had daily been talking about what we should do when he came home, and wondering whether I should remember all I had learned at school if he questioned me.

The doctor (our friend) came in to see me and ordered a mixture for mamma, which I always think of now when I smell ether. Her friend-at-need, my godmother Miss Smee, came and sat up all night, and mamma without undressing, at last, I suppose, fell asleep on the bed by my side. The next day the boys came from school.

From 'The Chaplin and Skinner Families, page 24:

>> Mrs. Juliana Caroline Rebecca Adriana Ayrton, the wife of Frederick Ayrton was, as already mentioned, the daughter of Colonel Edward Nugent. After her husband's death in 1823 she lived very quietly with her father, and superintended the education of her five children. The following letter from her daughter Matilda Adriana (afterwards Mrs. M. A Chaplin), to her first cousin Victoire Cater (afterwards Mrs Johnson) then living in Nova Scotia, - of which the original is now in Mrs. J. Nugent's posession - explains the circumstances of her death.

64 Welbeck Street, 31 July 1833

My Dear Victoire,

We were all much surprised to receive a letter from you addressed to my poor mother, for though I have not written to you to tell you of her death, I fully imagined that you would have heard it from Dudley. It was indeed an unexpected event, for she was quite well and out walking on the 1st of March, and on the 10th she was no more. It was on the 1st (Saturday) that she caught cold, the wind being easterly; on the next day she thought her glands were swollen, and sent for Mr. Moore, our doctor. He did not think it very serious. Then on the Sunday and Monday she remained in bed. On the Tuesday she got up and laid on the sofa, and though every precaution was taken, she took fresh cold and did not again leave her bed. On the Wednesday morning, the erysipelas being in her head, she became delirious; there was then no danger, but on the Thursday Mr. Moore, not being able to subdue the fever, called in Dr. Bree; but her constitution was so weak that they could not try violend remedies, and mild ones were of no effect. On Saturday (9th) Dr. Warren, a very clever physician, was also called. The fever then took a different turn, called typhoid or low fever. The delirium was still very great; a very large blister was put on her back without her being at all conscious of it, and oatmeal poultices on the feet. Mr. Moore remained all night, and insisted on my going to bed as I could be of no use, and having been up since Wednesday I was much fatigued, and slept soundly till about half-past five, when Mrs. Taylor (a person who came on the Saturday to assist in nursing) woke me to tell me that poor mamma could not possibly live much longer.

I had gone to bed in the full hope that she would have been much better in the morning, therefore, my dear Victoire, judge of my feelings when on going into the sick room I saw my poor mother, who but a month since was all health and spirits, with difficulty breathing, and her face so disfigured by the erysipelas on it that you would not have recognised her. I stood by the bedside till she drew her last convulsive breath - I did not know then that 'twas the last, but her face was so convulsed by it that I could look no longer. The next moment all left the bed, and I felt myself, as it were, alone in the world. You must have felt this when poor grandmamma died. Frederick was in the room, Acton had left it some time before, as he could not bear to hear her breathe, and poor Johnny had not the heart to come in. Edward was at Cambridge, - grandpapa had written to him on the Saturday; it would have been no satisfaction to mamma if he had been at home, as there was not an interval of reason after the Wednesday - she did not even know me.

Do you remember Chrissy, who lived with grandmamma in Beaumont Street? Fortunately mamma had just hired her, which was a great comfort to me, as she can be trusted. We had a very plain walking funeral - according to her own wish - on Monday, the 18th. We are now living with grandpapa [Colonel Nugent]. Frederick is going to be married on the 13th of next month to a Miss Hicks. She is a very nice girl. He intends to live in the country till his return to India, which will be in about a year and a half. Johnny will also be going out about that time. The wedding will take place at Miss Hicks's brother's house at Whitwell, in Hertfordshire. Have you heard from Dudley that I am going to be married to a Mr. Chaplin, a solicitor? I shall most likely live near Birmingham, which I am very glad of, as I never did like London. I daresay it will be two years before that, but you shall have a piece of cake if I can get it to you. I know a lady and gent who lived at St. John's, very probably they will return; if so you will like them very much. Mrs Sweetman was very kind indeed to poor mamma when she was ill, and used to make tapioca and sago for her; indeed there are few such women in this world - so kind and so generous. Mamma has left you £5, which you will soon receive. Do you remember Louisa Smee? She was married on the 3rd of this month to a Mr. Lodge, a clergyman, brother to that Mr. Lodge who used to live with us in David Street. I am very glad you are so happy in the other world. The boys send their love to you. Johnny returns to Addiscombe to-morrow.

I have told you all the news, so now, believe me, my dear Victoire,

Your affectionate cousin,

M. A. Ayrton.

The five children of Frederick Ayrton and his wife, Juliana Caroline Rebecca Adriana were:-

Frederick Ayrton, born 20th March, 1812; died 20th June, 1873.
Matilda Adriana (who married John Clarke Chaplin), born 1st June, 1813; died 26th January, 1899.
Edward Nugent Ayrton, born 13th March, 1815; died 28th November, 1873.
Acton Smee Ayrton, born 5th August, 1816; died 30th November, 1886.
John Hyde Ayrton, born 4th January, 1818; died in 1845.

Of Mrs. Matilda Adriana Chaplin a short account will be found above. [see p. 10]

John Hyde Ayrton died unmarried, at the early age of 27, at Sawent Warree, India; he was then a lieutenant in the service of the East India Company. <<

END Letters

1829 - To son Frederick as PS to Matilda's letter
[Letter to Lieut. F. Ayrton, Bombay Artillery, Matoonga, East Indies (Matoonga deleted, Ahmednuggun substituted), postmarked post paid London 22 Sep 1829, from his sister Matilda Ayrton and his mother. Almost all the letters of this period are without obvious punctuation and written as continuous text without line breaks. Normally I insert paragraphs where the subject changes and add sufficient punctuation to make them easily readable, but these two, both written on the same large piece of paper, have been transcribed more or less as the original, as a sample. I imagine that this custom and the custom of letters written twice over with the second text at 90 degrees to the first, was a means of saving on paper or postage]

Monday. London, September 21st, 1829

My dear Fred,

Mamma has already thanked you in my name for the Parasol Stick you were so very kind as to send me, it is very beautiful as are also the other things. Edward came home the Saturday after the things arrived (for he comes home every fortnight now he is Captain Ayrton) - he was highly delighted with the Chessmen, he spent the whole evening in packing and unpacking(?) them(?). Grandmama has given him to little box for them, in which he intends making divisions that they may not scratch each other. Acton and John have not yet seen theirs, but will at Michaelmas, they come home Saturday next. I shall be very glad to see their rosy cheeks, and I wish you were here to see them too; they would not be sorry either to see you though they are too lazy to write to you, except John, who has written once or twice. We have been staying nearly a month at Potters Bar with Mrs Carpenter. We did not go out much, for we have had such wet weather. It has rained everyday but yesterday, ever since the 29th of June, on which account the Boys did not enjoy their holidays so much as they would otherwise have done; their principal amusement was on the water, from Putney Bridge to Hammersmith, one day we had a water Party to Richmond, the party consisted of us five, Mr McCann, Jane Basden’s Husband, Miss Smith of M(?), & a Miss Dakins, a pleasant Girl, whom you know nothing about, and the Waterman: when we woke on the morning of the appointed day we found it terribly wet and much feared being obliged to put it off till the next day. However, about 11 it cleared up and we set off and arrived at Battersea Bridge all safe, when Mr McCann joined as and we all started at 12 - the Merchant Tailors’ barge was going to Richmond, so we were accompanied all the way with their music -- very delightful it was -- but unfortunately just as we got to Hammersmith Bridge we were caught in a pelting shower, - however we sheltered under the Bridge, where we all got out bringing up our things to dry, took each glass of wine, and made ourselves perfectly happy till the shower was over, when we all packed up and went off again, - but before we had gone far Mr McC. missed his coat and waistcoat which he had forgotten to put on, but we found it: when rowing hard to get up to the Barge Mr McC. tumbled backwards twice, to the great amusement of Edward and Acton, who pride themselves on their good rowing. We arrived without another incident at Richmond, where we walked about till five o'clock when we went into the B(?) with (?) appetites and tucked into Lamb, Ham, Veal Pie, French rolls, Salad etc. which we brought with us, as if we had tasted nothing for a week -- indeed we had had nothing since breakfast at nine o'clock.
After dinner we washed our plates and dishes for we took them with us, packed them up in their respective baskets, and set off again home, arrived at Battersea Bridge at half past nine, delighted with our experience. I wish you had been there just what you would have enjoyed. The Boys say that Jeffreys the Boatman at Kew always asks after you. Gay doings at Court Lodge -- a Ball tonight -- they wrote to invite us without asking us to stay so we could not go, besides Captain Bruce(?) is so surly. Georgina goes to school and likes it very well; Charlotte is in a very bad state and quite foolish; Louisa’s lameness is nearly well, she walked to RobertsBridge(?) and back. Poor John is in a very bad way -- he expects to go to the workhouse, Turner and Townshend (?) are both trying for the Engineers, Acton intends doing the same, I hope they may succeed. We drink your Health always and often wish you were here. Have you seen Louie Basden? he has sent Grandpapa a very handsome carved Tortoiseshell snuff box, for which if you see him, do not forget to thank him. Grandpapa and Grandmama are both very well indeed -- the latter trots out every day. They both send love. Mamma is going to write to you and I have said all I had to say so good bye, God bless you.
Believe me dear old fellow,
Your most affectionate Sister,
Matilda Ayrton

[There follows a second letter on the same sheet]:

My dearest Boy,

I see Matilda has given you a description of our water party, but if we had been as long going as she has in describing, we should have been benighted - she looks all the better for her country excursions -- Miss Carpenter is quite well, often talked of you. Is your Perspectograph useful? I am greatly disappointed - young Guy (?) called and I should have asked him a thousand questions about you. Grandmama A. wrote (?) he would (?). I sincerely hope my dear child you will still keep well and like the climate. The (?) will take this letter. I should be saved the long walk into the City after this time as a receiving house for Ship letters is to be opened this week in (?) it will be a great convenience in every way as the post office will be kept open till seven o'clock. I hear the bell ringing of the Park Men is to be abolished they of course are not pleased with it -- the Lady East is expected every day. I hope it will bring a letter from you. The Xmas letters have been amazingly dilatory this ano it is now a month nearly since they were issued -- though they are not due till January 1st. Those who send them have nothing to do with that but should dispatch them by the next ship (?) as late as the 8th of April came a (?) ago. I hope you have been able to see about it -- everyone is so angry who has money in India -- I hope the money you so very kindly and generously laid out on us has not been any inconvenience to you. Walter has never sent any of his family the value of a pin’s head except the £20 a yr he gives John - wretched young man I cannot imagine what will become of him. His family are with his uncle at Guildford -- you will be glad Louisa has so much recovered, she danced a Quadrille party Mrs Watts gave and I suppose is at this moment dancing away. She is a fine girl and always admired greatly -- Walter according to the East India Kalender was away on furlough(?) - they fully expect him next year. (?) Basden has sent a picture of himself done at (?). Tell him when you see him that he should have made the artist swallow it as a small punishment for producing such a caricature as I am sure it must be. Matilda says it looks like a Methodist Preacher. Mrs (?) has disappointed us all by giving birth to a dead child however as her life is spared we should all be thankful. She has been in imminent danger -- it would been a great shock to her husband. They are such an affectionate couple. Mrs Sharpen is just come from Suffolk not at all well but looking very pretty her husband Steven has got same command up the Country. Mrs B is looking pretty well – Mrs Bowerbank called while I was from home she read your letter with such pleasure she called the very day I accompanied Mrs C to Potters Bar. Matilda was received with such delight at Mrs Smith on Sunday – they all made kind enquiries after you. Edward Chaplin is married I hear she is a very nice young woman. M has not been able to go (?) her dear Sal yet – do you recollect that was your elegant appellation for her. (?) called which he never did before, while I was away. The rabble rout(?) came home on Saturday – Edward will not leave this quarter to the great disappointment of Master Goode ………has been sometime at (?) and is returned pretty well. did you ever hear that Pratt was thrown out of a gig coming from a Boxing Match and was killed on the spot the day before he came of age to his 100,000 - the young Man who was with him broke both his legs and was confined 10 months - should anyone ever ask you for a school pray think of Ealing – I hope our long letters do not tire you in the reading . If you had time to write equally long ones they would not fatigue us. I hope Mr (?)’s account of (?) has not been correct - how completely Mr (?) shuts himself up – no one ever sees him and the house looks so forlorn. Mr Carpenter has a very pretty house it is about ¾ of a mile from (?) & the child is grown a very nice little girl - Mrs (?) still lives with them she hoped Mr Frederick had got to the end of his journey. Tell me how you pass your time do not forget to mention whether you pay postage for your letters as I would always write on the sort of paper I wrote last time. God bless you always.
Your affectionate Mother

I have written every month since you went. The Hallets are still at (?). Charles not having sailed – do you know John H? Tuesday morn a lovely day for our Walk. M. is quite delighted at the idea of seeing the City an event that has not (?) to her above four times in her life. Grandpapa and Grandmama are so well (?) in West Lane. God bless you again and again My dear boy. Take care both of your mind and body. The Dardises are quite well, their money matters are (?) they have now about 700 a yr with them. Your ever aff’t Mother. J.A.
I am (?)

1831 - To Matilda
[Addressed to Miss Ayrton, 8 Hartland [or Portland] Place, Leamington, Warwickshire]

My dear Matilda 27 August 1831

You see I have taken a most formidable sized sheet of paper which seems to imply I have got a great deal to say -- though I hardly know what about -- for my mornings have been chiefly employed till 1 o'clock in rummaging and ranting. When I have made myself decent, and gone out with G’mama in the Insect, and a rough insect it is, for it jolts me to death, I am sure it must do Grandpapa more harm than good -- he is quite well again now. Doctor Bree found him looking thin. They came to town on the 25th and are off again on Monday to Ash. Today Acton [then just 15] and I have them to dinner at G’mama. I have not gone out this morning having to write to you and Master Jack.

Yesterday we called on Miss Barnacle etc - she is living with her sister Mrs Jackson. Mr Wilson, Mrs Grosvenor has decided, will marry again in October when his house is finished doing up and his six months widowhood expired - perhaps the poor Man has never even dreamt of such a thing. We dined in B St(?) last Monday and went to a party at her house. Acton postponed going home I reading Blackstone till he fell asleep on the sofa where I found him. There were eight of us – little (?) Miss G. and self at the Casino Table, Mrs G so fidgetty -- the poor doctor’s patience was nearly exhausted -- there were four more at the Whist Table, a Mrs (?) Shepherd was there, a very pleasant woman. I think we have met some of the same crowd at some of the parties, for it was very familiar to me. Tuesday we called on the Marshalls -- they have not arranged their affairs yet but think they shall not leave Town. We then called on Mrs Boyce, then I sat at G’mama‘s and read the paper and by all these manoeuvres missed the Chaplins. Acton and I had fixed to go there that evening. They sat here they said above two hours -- at 7 o'clock we began our peregrinations, out of Compliment to the young ladies I suppose he had his hair cut, for he was looking like a Wild Man of the Woods. It was a lovely Evening -- we got there a quarter to 8. The Graces three were walking in the shrubbery, Adonis and Apollo were in the Refectory -- Apollo very agreeable, he has given me a small book for you, a War Song of the Poles. Very enthusiastic, the original he did in French, then made a prose translation which he is versifying -- he had only published part of the latter, a fit of inspiration came on him after Tea for he worked muttering up and down the passage and then into the Garden. They said they heard from you which seemed to please them. John [then aged just 25] I believe only staid a day in Town. We had a beautiful moonlight walk home and got in by half past 10 and I was not so fatigued as gasping(?) it was so very warm. I think I told you the girls had called once before and I was out. How very natural and beautiful the (?) is that they have made -- Sarah has not begun singing yet. She looked very pretty. Louisa looked tired and Anne had her face tied up again.

I had an invitation that day to dine with Mrs Carey to meet Mrs Notram(?) - not wanting to go to C. Town I declined. Mrs C. leaves Town on the 1st. She is not going to move out of this for the Man having agreed to do up her house -- she (?) called, she asked whether I saw her Tom before he went away. He has been very ill in Paris and is expected home soon. Young Fairburn is returned. I was there yesterday, she sent her love to you both. I met that the fair Hicks there, he is pleasant to hold converse with. He is very like (?) Miss L(?) - his mother was a Ward of Mr (?), makes them so intimate – he is an only only son and no Profession - his mother lives at Brussels. She has beged of him to come for that place is so unpleasant now. Josephine and her party are returning. I hear Dover is crammed with people from Belgium waiting to see whether they can return. The Blanes are at Walmer. Ramsgate is so full that I was offered for half a Bed, Mrs Dione wrote to Mrs Sharpen when she wrote for the lodgings for Lady C. I wonder how she will manage -- she called here on Wednesday at 5 o'clock being tired having been half over the Town. Mrs C. was not to go for a (?). While she was out Mr Sharpen had been there Mrs S. told me the next day when G’mama and I called on Michael's Place -- Eliza had not got gav(?) directions -- she wanted to write to you -- she will tell you all about Mrs McCann and Mrs S’s brats. Neither Mrs B. or she looked well. Miss Lipy has grown thin again. I saw such a magnificent set out of a double Phaeton and two servants belonging to Mr Vale who I understand was once a Brichlager. I am ashamed to say I have not seen anything of the Smith party yet but shall take an early opportunity next week of going – my new lady comes on Monday evening.

Caroline has been in extra grief. Mr Asinbrook departed on Wednesday at half past one rather unexpectedly, they thought he had only fainted and the poor old Warren is in great grief. I shall recommend her to take Caroline to live with her "to be unto her as a daughter." Maria told Grandmama she was sure Caroline was very fond of him for she was near always there. GP has not yet decided which house he will have. I think he should draw lots -- he was pleased with the perusal of your letter. Grandmama says you promised to write to her next so let your next communication be addressed there – (?) will also be glad to hear from you, he has been very ill with a bowel attack. They were obliged to send for a doctor. He sat up for a couple of hours last Saturday but he wrote would he should soon be well. Mr W. is in hope to get a curacy in Berkshire that will be a good deal nearer town.

Mary (?) is just come in, put my Ideas to flight and will hinder me sadly. I am determined to send this today -- I perfectly understood your Plan -- I should like to have been of your party. I have not heard that Mrs Carpenter is at Brighton. The Colonel called two days ago but (?) was out. The Hutchinsons are still at Ramsgate he wrote Mr Basham (?) he was so comfortable and quiet he should remain another fortnight. Mr Basham Acton says was so amazed he wanted a holiday himself. A. at present has no time for Master. When his return I shall try to makes some arrangement for him to come earlier to dinner -- now it is generally near 6. We breakfast at 9 exactly and on Tuesday (?) at ½ past 8. I am glad you get up early, I shall expect to see you looking well -- and blooming. The party at Mrs Scott’s turned out very pleasant, there was a pleasant Miss Stewart there then came in a Captain & Mrs Stewart -- he also very agreeable and the two families had never met before. Miss Knight is going one day to Greece(?) with another (?) the London University. (?) is quite young and smart. Acton has got a beautiful blade to your knife put in by Thomas (?) in Oxford. (?) is very careful did I tell you -- he sports grey with gloves and a very smart coat and dandy umbrella in dubious weather. Mary says I am sure you cannot write much more, what a deal of news there must be in it. God bless you my dearest Girl, all (?) a great many enquiries after you. I must now write to my other deary on the folds. Jack I think cannot have a letter today he is in (?) with his study where he sometimes has (?) Tea Party (?)

Your affectionate

Mother, J.A.
I could write more had I time.

My dear Zena [or Lena],

This time I give you a flap, next time I shall give Miss (?) one -- to business now - the Bed. I suppose you have got the man steward one Mr Ticknell indeed gave it me. Mr (?)um I paid last Saturday. I have not been able to call on him today but shall on Monday. Hope however the p. [piano?] is arrived - and Matilda's playing brilliantly -- the Cloak sold for four shillings the (?) I hope good. (?) last I did not think so (?) as the last (?) is a nasty thing so physically. M tells me you have been very kind in taking her about. I wish I was with you -- young Howard called his mother with him (/) Miss White was looking so well – Mr White is getting young I think. I would advise you to set your comb at him and then he might transfer his ardent gaze to you. I saw Lord N yesterday & learned (?) he did not or would not (?) one - n’importe. I presume M(?) and a few more cheats like it help to pay Miss Bamberger (?) Chaise. (?) -- you did very right to go away from the Ball instead of going to it Miss (?) had dancing enough this Season. Acton’s ears and mine have been regaled these two Evenings with a most delightful Band for at least two hours, higher up. I had heard Leamington was empty from the B(?) & Coleys(?) tell Matilda Grandpapa lived at the beginning of the Town it was an Hotel – I suppose quite altered now -- am glad your garden still looks a little beauty. I have a superb Geranium (?) of amusement to Acton as well. (?) terribly (?) plants have suffered terribly from these green (?).

I am sorry poor Louisa has got her cough. How truly happy the Liddiards will be to have the Land it is in a (?)


Juliana Nugent

Juliana was the daughter of Colonel Edward Nugent, my great (x4) grandfather, and his wife Adriana. Their house was 64 Welbeck Street in London. Juliana was born around 1787 and named Juliana Caroline Rebecca Adriana.

Her father was used to being obeyed, and as far as one can tell ran his household like his troops, for which see the Chaplin and Skinner book. He was also vain, and aware that he had a pedigree, though rather vague about it. His letters to his daughter at school show that he expected a lot of her, and it seems likely that he was disappointed that she married Frederick Ayrton, the son of a mere solicitor, in 1811.

Juliana was described by her daughter Matilda Adriana in her memoirs as at 1818, when Matilda would have been five: “My impression was of a tall lady, dressed in white, working at children's clothes and telling us stories, often jumping up excitedly about some mischief a child was doing, or some noise of breakage.” From her letters, which are very long and full of minute detail, she seems to have been someone who lived on her nerves, in a permanent state of overwork.

Because Frederick died suddenly in India in 1824, while working as a barrister at the Supreme Court in Bombay, she became a single mother with five children aged 6 – 12, and was inevitably very reliant on her parents.

Later, when his granddaughter Matilda Adriana also wanted to marry a solicitor, John Clarke Chaplin, Edward Nugent tried to prevent the marriage, but Matilda stood her ground.

Alan Ray-Jones
Historical Sketch of the Nugent Family,
copied from http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Flats/4401/barons.html:

The following is a document published in 1853 by John Charles Lyons, forwarded to me by Alan Nugent (thank you!). It traces the Nugent family in Ireland from about 1202 until 1852, largely focusing on the successors of Sir Gilbert de Nogent, first Baron of Delvin. To the best of my knowledge, the accuracy of these contents have not been verified, and another document I know of contradicts some of the information presented here. It is, however, a fascinating read, even to those whose ancestors are not known to have come from Ireland.

The county of Meath was given by his Majesty to Sir Hugh de Lacie, to hold of the Crown by Knight's service, and Sir Gilbert de Nogent marrying his sister Rosa, obtained with her as a marriage portion, the Barony of Delvin, (except the village of Torrochelack, belonging to the Abbot of Foure,) which large tract of lands be distributed amongst his brothers and others. He died in 1202, without issue surviving, having had two sons Adam and Hugh, who both deceased without issue, during the life time of their father.

Richard, the second brother, succeeded, whose only daughter and heir married Richard le Tuit, who became, jure uxoris, third Baron of Delvin. He was father to John le Tuit, fourth Baron of Delvin, whose son Richard Fitzjohn le Tuit, fifth Baron, married Eglantina Dewswell, and was father of Thomas Fitzjohn, sixth Baron; he dropped the name of le Tuit, and his son, Richard Fitzjohn, seventh Baron, was father of John Fitzjohn, eighth Baron Delvin, whose only daughter and heir, Catherine, married Sir William Nugent in 1407, (8th of Henry IV) descended from Sir Christopher, son of Sir Gilbert Nugent. He, jure uxoris became ninth Baron Delvin. Thus the honours remained in the family of Tuit, or Tuite, for one hundred and twenty years. By his wife Catherine he had issue,

I. Richard, of whom presently.
II. William Oge, of Moyrath, which he obtained in right of his wife Joane, daughter and heir of Richard Talbot. By her he was ancestor of the Nugents of MOYRATH, DARDISTOWN, BALLINSELOTT, CULVIN, and of Gillstown, in the county of Roscommon - of whom see further hereafter.

Sir Christopher, the third brother, who became settled at Balrath, was succeeded by Sir Almericus Nugent, living about the year 1254, who was father to Sir Robert, the father of Sir Hugo de Nugent, whose son Richard, was father to the Sir William who, in right of his wife, Catherine Fitzjohn le Tuit, became ninth Baron of Delvin.; by her he had issue as above. Sir William, ninth Lord Delvin, died before 1415.

We now return to Richard, tenth Baron Delvin, heir to his mother. He was Sheriff of Meath in 1424. In 1422 he had a grant of ten pounds a-year from Henry VI for services performed during the reign of Henry V; and in 1427, a further grant of twenty Pounds for the capture of O'Conogher, who, with Hubert Tyrrell, had robbed and spoiled his Majesty's subjects near Molyngar; and in 1428, he had an order dated at -Trim., to receive twenty marks out of the Exchequer, as a recompense for " having impoverished his fortune in the Kings Wars." In 1444 he was Lord Deputy of Ireland, under James, Earl of Ormonde, and Seneschal of Meath in 1452. He married Cathrine, daughter and heir of Thomas Drake, of Carlanstown, in the county of Meath. He died before 14752 and left issue by his wife,

I. James his, successor.
II. John, from whom descended the family of Killagh.
III. Edward, of Cloncoskrine, now Cloncoskoran., in the county Waterford.

James died during the lifetime of his father, in 1450, leaving issue by Elizabeth, his wife, eldest daughter and co-heir of Sir Robert Hollywood, of Tartayne, or Artane, in the county of Dublin.
This Lady brought into the Nugent family the estates of Drumcree, Dysert, and Donouer, which had been purchased by her father from the heirs of Sir Theobald de Verdon, who had married the eldest daughter of Sir William de Lacie, in the reign of Richard II,

I. Christopher, of whom presently.
II. Robert, of DRUMCREE-See Appendix 11.
III. Lavallin, of DYSART-See Appendix 111.
IV. Andrew, of DONORE-See Appendix IV, - of all of whom hereafter separately.

We now return to Christopher, who succeeded his grandfather as eleventh Baron of Delvin. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Preston, Viscount Gormanstown, and died in 1493, leaving a son and successor, Richard twelfth Baron of Delvin. He sat in Parliament in the time of Henry VII., and was appointed Commander-in-Chief of all the forces in Dublin, Meath, Kildare, and Louth. He was summoned to the Parliament which sat at Castle Dermott in 1498, but neglecting to appear, was fined forty shillings. In 1527 he was made Lord Deputy of Ireland and in 1528 was treacherously made a prisoner of, by the Irish Chief O'Conor. This Irish Chief in 1529, preying upon the borders of the Pale, the Lord Deputy ordered a yearly rent due to him, out of certain Carucates of Land in Meath to be detained. This produced a conference the 12th of May, 1528, at the Castle of Rathin in that county, belonging to Sir William D'Arcie, when, by stratagem, the Lord Deputy was seized and detained a prisoner. Many of his men, in endeavouring to rescue him, were slain, wounded, and made prisoners; all exertions to procure his release proved ineffectual; he remained a prisoner until the Government paid to O'Conor his rent in the following February. He married Isabella, daughter of Thomas Fitzgerald, second son of Gerald Earl of Kildare, and died in 1537, leaving issue,

I. Christopher, of whom presently.
II. Sir Thomas Nugent, of Carlanstown, Knt., married Margaret, daughter of George FIeming, second son of James, Lord Slane, and was ancestor of Robert, Earl Nugent, whose eldest daughter and heir, Lady Mary Elizabeth Nugent, married the Marquis of Buckingham.

We now return to Sir Christopher, Knt. He married Marian daughter of Nicholas, Lord Howth, and dying in the life time of his father, in 1531, left issue, with two daughters, Catherine who married, first, Peter, Lord Trimbleston ; and secondly, Robert Cusack, second Baron of the Exchequer. Eleanor married John, son of Lord Dunsany. The sons were,

I. Richard, of whom presently.
II. James, of Coolamber of whom hereafter.
III. Oliver, of Ballina.
IV. Gerald, of Lassaghnadan.
V. Nicholas, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, of whom hereafter.

We now return to Richard, thirteenth Baron, who succeeded his grandfather when fourteen years of age; he was granted a ward by the King, to his prime minister, Thomas Lord Cromwell. In 1553, with the English of Athlone, he conquered Thady Rufus 0 Melaghlin, and expelled him out of the country ; and in the same year at the request of Cormac M'Coghlan, burned the country of M 'Coghlan, contiguous to Lower Delvin. He accompa nied, in 1557, the Lord Deputy into Ulster, against James M'Donnell the Scot, and died in 1560. He married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Jenico Preston, viscount Gormanston, by whom he left issue,

I. Christopher.
II. William.
III. Mary, married to Sir Thomas Nugent of Moyrath.

Christopher, fourteenth Baron of Delvin, succeeded his father when fifteen years old. He had a grant in 1563 of the Castle and lands of Ballycorbett, in the King's County, to him and his heirs male. In 1565 he received the honour of knighthood. He was made Captain of Slewght-William, in Annally, in 1565, and expressed such forwardness and fidelity to the Crown, that in 1567 articles were made with his Lordship by the Queen, authorising him to extirpate the O'Mores, and their followers. But notwithstanding his services to the Crown in prosecuting these rebels, he was sent a prisoner to the Tower of London in 1580, on suspicion of having entered into correspondence with the rebels of Leinster; his innocence shortly after having been made manifest, he was discharged from prison. He returned to Ireland, and sat in Sir John Perrot's Parliament in 1585. In 1588 he had a grant of the Priory of Foure, in this county. In 1593 be was appointed leader of the forces, at the general hosting on Tarah Hill, and with his kinsmen, the Nugents, he brought twenty men. His services were so acceptable that Queen Elizabeth, by privy seal in 1597, (besides divers leases of lands,) ordered him, by warrant, a fee farm grant of forfeited lands in the counties of Longford and Cavan, at his election, as should amount to the crown rent of one hundred pounds a-year, English money. This warrant was not, however, executed during his life, on account of the disturbed state of the country ; but King James, in 1603, ordered the sum of sixty pounds, in lands, to be granted to his widow and son. He died in 1602, having married Mary, (daughter of Gerald, eleventh Earl of Kildare,) who died in 1610, and was buried at Castletown Delvin; by her he had issue,

I. Richard, of whom presently.
II. Christopher, of Corbetstown, married Lady Anne Forth,
alias Cusack, and died without issue about 1649.
III. Gerald, or Gerrott, of Lissaganeden., who married a sister of Rory O'Donnell's, Earl of Tyrconnell, and relict of Sir ----Rorke, by whom be left issue a son, Richard, his heir.
IV. Thomas, of Dunfert in the county Kildare, died in 1634, without issue, having married Mary (who died in 1645) daughter of Sir Patrick Barnwall, of Crickstown.
V. Gilbert, married Jane, widow of Sir Robert Nugent, of Dysert, and died without issue.
VI. William, of Killasonna, in the county of Longford, married Margaret Leigh, by whom he had issue, John, of Killasonna, whose son, Ignatius, succeeded, and was knighted by Charles VI. He married Anne, daughter of William Langton, by whom he had a son, John Nugent, who succeeded. He died in 1756, leaving by Mary, his wife, daughter of Sir Ignatius Pallis, a son and heir, Christopher, of Killasonna, who married Bridget, daughter and heir of John O'Reilly, of Latoon, by whom he had issue,
1 John Nugent, of Killasonna, who married Rosa, daughter of Richard O'Farrall, of Ballina, by whom be had issue,

I. Christopher, Count Nugent, of Killasonna.
II. Richard, killed in a duel in Silesia.
III. Ambrose.
VII. Mabel, married, first, Murrougb, third Baron of Inchi-quin ; and secondly, John Fitzpatrick, of Upper Ossory.
VIII. Elizabeth, married Gerald, fourteenth Earl of Kildare.-
IX. Mary, married Anthony O'Dempsey, heir apparent to Viscount Clanmalier.
X. Eleanor, married Christopher Cheevers, of Macetown, (and died in 1636,) by whom he had issue six sons and three daughters.
XI. Margaret, married ------- Fitzgerald.
XII. Juliana, was the second wife of Sir Gerald Aylmer, of Donedea, in the county Kildare, Baronet.

We now return to Richard, fifteenth Baron Delvin, born in 1585. He was knighted in 1603, at the creation of Rory O'Donnell, Earl of Tyrconnell; in 1607 he was arrested and committed to the Castle of Dublin a prisoner, by Lord Deputy Chichester, for High Treason, being concerned in a conspiracy with the Earls of Tyrone, Tyrconnel, Maguire O'Cahan, and most of the heads of the Irish Septs in Ulster, to surprise the Castle of Dublin, cut off the Lord Deputy and Council, dissolve the State, and set up a government of their own; but owing to the negligence and corruption of Tristram Eccleston, Constable of the Castle his Lordship's servant was allowed to bring in certain ropes, by the assistance of which he escaped. In 1608 he voluntarily surrendered to his Majesty, who took him into favour, and directed a pardon to be passed the Great Seal for his life, lands and goods* in the parliaments of 1613 and 1615, his Lordship was present and so effectually regained his Majesty's favour, that he created him in 1621 Earl of Westmeath. In 1628 and 1633, his Lordship was specially employed to King Charles I., by the Irish, as their agent, for the redress of divers grievances they complained of, and for obtaining sundry graces from his Majesty, who was pleased to agree to his suit in their favour.

In recompense for all his costs and trouble, which the Irish had neglected to pay, his Majesty, by letters dated at Westminster in 1633, ordered him the sum of five hundred pounds English. In 1634 he sat in the parliament held by Lord Deputy Wentworth, and was a leading man in the house of Peers, but refusing to join with the Lords and gentry of the Pale in the rebellion of 1641, and, in particular, refusing to send a certain number of men, demanded by them, to the siege of Drogheda, a severe course was threatened to be taken with him for his refusal, being then aged and infirm, and dreading their power and threats, be left his house at Clonyn ; a party of forty horse was sent to escort him by the Earl of Ormonde, but they were attacked near Athboy by one thousand rebels, and obliged to yield. The rebels seized his plate and money, to the value of a thousand pounds, stripped the Countess and her gentlewoman in a most shameful manner, massacred his servants, and damaged his houses and lands to the amount of twenty thousand pounds. 'He died in 1641, of the fatigue and hardship he suffered on this occasion. He married Jane Plunett,* daughter of Christopher, ninth Earl of Killeen, and sister to Lucas, created Earl of Fingal ; by her he had issue,

I. Christopher, Lord Delvin, married Lady Anne M'Donnells,
eldest daughter of Randal, Earl of Antrim, and dying in 1625, during the lifetime of his father, was buried at Clonyn; he had issue by her an only son,

I Richard, who succeeded of whom presently.
II. Francis, of Tobber, who engaged in the rebellion, died without issue.
III. John, of Dromeng, ancestor of Lavall, Count Nugent, Field Marshal in the Austrian service.
IV. Laurence.
V. Ignatius, a Colonel in the French service,
VI. Bridget.
VII. Mary.

We now return to Richard who succeeded his grandfather, sixteenth Baron, and second Earl. He took his seat in the House of Peers in 1644; in 1650 he was General of the Irish forces raised by the Province of Leinster, and in 1652 was excepted from pardon for life and estate, by Cromwell's act of parliament for settling Ireland, but his Lordship having entered into certain articles with the Commissioners of Government at Kilkenny, early in the same year, leave was given him to transport some Irish forces to Spain, and for the raising thereof, he re-ceived a passport to travel with three servant in Leinster and Munster for twenty-eight days. His stay in Ireland was further prolonged for six months, with license to raise and transport one thousand cavalry (out of such Irish natives as were, or had been in. arms against the Parliament,) for the service of the King of Spain. In 1653 he had an order to enjoy such of his estate as lay waste and undisposed of, and should be planted by him together with such as he was in possession of from May, 1652, paying contribution, and in November he was permitted to enjoy a full third part of his estate.

He raised his regiment for the Spanish service and obtained leave to transport them, with himself and his servants, into Flanders and to return. After his return, an order for his apprehension, together with some of the leading men of Galway, was issued in 1659 ; but surviving all these troubles, he was considered, after the restoration, as a person meriting, in an especial manner, his Majesty's grace and favour.

In 1666 he had a grant of such right as he had to the lands of Castletown, Balrath &c., in the Barony of Delvin ; in 1667, of his right to certain other lands, and in 1668 he had an assignment of two-third parts of several Rectories, with two grants of lands under the Act of Settlement.

He rebuilt the Chapel of Foure, as a burial place for himself and his posterity, as appears from the inscription on a large stone over the north entrance

The Right Honourable
of Westmeath, at his own
Expenses rebuilded this
Chaple, and Castle, for
The Burying Place and
Pious use of himselfe and
His successors, anno
Domini 1680.
He died in 1684, having married Mary, daughter of Sir Thomas Nugent, of Moyrath, (who was born in 1623, and died in 1672,) by whom he had issue,

I. Christopher, of whom presently.
II. Thomas, from whom descended the Riverstown branch.
III. Francis,
IV. William-both died young.
V. Joseph, died a Captain in France
VI. William, was Member for Westmeath in King James's Parliament, and a Commander in his army, in which he behaved with great courage and conduct, particularly in forcing the pass over the river at Portlegone in 1689, to besiege Londonderry. He was killed at Cavan in 1690. He' married Alice, third surviving daughter of Sir Thomas Newcomen, of Sutton, in the county of Dublin, Knt.; by her he had issue, two sons of the name of Thomas, who both died unmarried, and three daughters Mary, Frances, and Margaret, none of whom survived their father.
VII. Lady Mary, born in 1648, married in 1664, Henry, second Viscount Kingsland.
VIII. Lady Anne, married, first in 1681, to Lucas, sixth Vis-count Dillon, secondly to Sir William Talbot, of Cartown, Bart.
IX. Lady Alison, married Henry Dowdall, of Brownstown, in the county of Meath.
X. Lady Elizabeth, died young.
XI. Lady Jane, married in 1685, Brigadier General Alexander
M'Donnell, of Dromersnaw, in the county Leitrim, by whom she had two sons-Alexander, and Richard who died in l620, leaving a son Richard.

*This lady was a wife of very thrifty and saving habits: she turned
every thing in her power to profit, and would not admit of the slightest waste in the household concerns. She was supposed by these means to have acquired a considerable sum of money, and was known in her family by the name of "Jenny the Scraper"
We now return to Christopher, the eldest son. He married Mary eldest daughter of Richard Butler, of Kileash, in the county of Tipperary, (niece to James, first Duke of Ormonde,) and dying before his father, left issue by her (who deceased in 1737, aged ninety-six,)

I. Richard, who succeeded.
II. Thomas succeeded his brother, of whom hereafter.
III. John, who succeeded his brother Thomas.
IV. Frances.
V. Mary.
VI. ______

Richard succeeded on the death of his grandfather, and became seventeenth Baron and third Earl. He took on him the religious order of the Capuchin, became a Friar, and died in 1714, at Wassy, in a convent. He was succeeded in the honours by his brother, Thomas, eighteenth Baron and fourth Earl, born in 1669. He had a pension of a hundred and fifty pounds a-year in King Charles II's reign. He married when about sixteen years old, and was sent to travel. He returned about the time of the res-toration, and was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel in the Earl of Tyrone's regiment, in King James's, army; for his services therein, he was outlawed in 1691, but being in the city of Limerick when besieged by King William's forces, and one of the hostages exchanged for the observation of the articles of surrender his out-lawry was reversed, and he was restored to his estate and honors. Such reverses were by no means uncommon during the civil wars.
He married Margaret, only daughter of Sir John Bellew, Knt., by whom be had issue, and died in 1752.

I. Christopher, Lord Delvin, who died un-married in 1752.
II. John, who died before his father, un-married., in 1725,
III. Lady Mary Nugent, married in 1705, Lord Atbenry.
IV. Lady Catherine Nugent, married Andrew Nugent of Dysert.
In the descendants of these Ladies, the Barony of Delvin is presumed to have fallen into abeyance.

John, the third brother, succeeded, and was fifth Earl. He entered the French army, and was a Major-General. He married Margaret, daughter of Count Molza, of the Duchy of Modena, in Italy, by whom he had issue,

I. Thomas, Lord Delvin.
II. Edward, died without issue.
III. Charles, died unmarried,
IV. Lady Frances.
His Lordship died in Brabant in 1754, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Thomas, sixth Earl who conformed to the Established Church, and took his seat in Parliament in 1755. He was of the Privy Council, and an original Knight Companion of the Order of St. Pa-trick. In l787 he had a pension from the Crown of eight hundred pounds annually. He married, first, Mary, daughter and heiress to Walter Durand Stapleton, of the Island of Hispaniola, by her (who brought him a considerable estate, and died in 1750,) he had issue, and died in 1791,
I. Richard Lord Delvin, of whom presently.
He married secondly, Catherine, daughter and co-heiress of Henry White, of Pitchfordstown, in the county Kildare, by whom he had issue,

I. Thomas, died an infant.
II. George Frederick, who succeeded, of whom hereafter.
III. Henry, born in 1762, died in 1779.
IV. Catherine, born in 1766, married in 1784, Hon. John, second son of Lord Rodney..
We now return to Richard, Lord Delvin, born in 1742, and killed in a duel in 1761.*-Died unmarried.
We now return to George Frederick, born in 760. He succeeded his father and was seventh Earl. He married first, in 1784, Marianne eldest daughter of James St. John Jeffreys, of Blarney Castle, county Cork, and niece to John, first Earl of Clare, Lord High Chancellor of Ireland ; by her he had issue,
I. George Thomas John, of whom presently.
This marriage was dissolved by act of parliament in 1796. He married secondly, in 1797, Lady Elizabeth Emily Moore, daughter of Charles, second Marquess of Drogheda, and had issue by her, (who died in 18141)
I. Robert Seymour, born in 1805, died in------
II. Thomas Hugh, born in 1807, married in 1843, Mary Anne Bush, and died without issue in 1849.
III. Elizabeth Emily, married in 1820, the Hon. Lionel Charles
Dawson who died in 1842.
IV. Catherine Anne, married in 1823, Francis Bruen.
V. Mary Frances, married in 1837, the Hon. James Hope Wallace.
We now return to George Thomas John, eighth Earl, born in 1785. He married in 1812 Emily Anne Bennett Elizabeth, second daughter of James, first Marquess of Salisbury, by whom he has issue, an only child Lady Rosa Emily Mary Anne, married in 1840 to Fulke Southwell Greville, by whom she has issue.
His Lordship was created a Marquess in 1822.

*This duel took place at Marlborough Green, or Gardens, in Dublin, between his Lordship and a gentleman named O'Reilly, who ever after was known by the name of Delvin O'Reilly. His Lordship is reported to have been a very expert swordsman, and very successful in all his duels, of which he had many, and that he frequently provoked quarrels for the purpose of showing off his skill in the use of that weapon. On this, to him, fatal quarrel, he is said to have behaved in such a manner to a lady in company with Mr. O'Reilly , as to render it necessary for gentleman to take notice of it; on which his Lordship immediately drew his sword, calling on Mr. O'Reilly to follow his example. Although Mr. O'Reilly wore a sword as was the custom of the day, he is thought not to have known whether the scabbard actually contained a blade or not, never having drawn it in his life; however, knowing well the character, reputation, and expertness of his antagonist, while he as placing himself in an attitude the better to show off his figure and skill, he was run through the body by Mr. O'Reilly, and fell a corpse. I have heard it said that, little or no enquiry was ever made about the matter, as society found they could get on very well without Lord Delvin.

Sir William Oge Nugent, Knt., second son of Sir William, of Balrath., by Catherine Fitzjohn, in the year 1407 purchased and settled at Moyrath, in the county of Meath, and was knighted by Edmond Mortimer, Earl of March. He married Joan, daughter of Sir Thomas de Tuite, of "The Sonnagh," in Westmeath, Knt., living in 1382 ; by her he had issue three sons,

I. Thomas of Moyrath, of whom presently.
II. Theobald, ancestor of the Streamstown family.
III. Nicholas, progenitor of those of Teffernan, Loghgarr, Ballencelott, Culvin, Bracklyn, Clonygeragh and others.
Thomas, the eldest son, married a daughter of the same family of Tuite, by whom he had Christopher, his heir, living at Moyrath
in 1499, who was father to Thomas Nugent, who in married a Miss Plunket, by whom be had issue, Walter of Moyrath, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Peter Lynch, of The Knocke, by whom he had issue,
I. Sir Thomas his heir.
II. Oliver, of Monilea, Gent.
III. Mary, married to John Luttrell.
Sir Thomas succeeded at Moyrath, and represented this County in parliament in 1561. He was, with others, appointed Ecclesiastical Commissioner for the reformation of religion in this country. He married Mary, daughter of Lord Delvin, and had issue by her, five sons and two daughters.
Sir Christopher, his eldest son, settled at Moyrath, he also lived at Farrow in this County, and in 1620 was in the Commission for the more quiet settlement of the undertakers and natives in the county of Longford. He married in 1601, Elizabeth daughter of Richard Luttrell, of Luttrellstown, by whom he had issue, five sons and two daughters. He died in 1619, and was buried in Tagbmon Church.
I Thomas his heir, of whom presently.
II. James who married Mary, daughter of ------- Farrell, of Ballintobber.
III. Sir Francis, a Capuchin Friar.
IV. Christopher.
V. Edward.
VI. Bridget, married Walter Nugent of Donore.
VII. Mary, married Barnabas Scurlock, of Frayne, in Meath.
We now return to Thomas, the eldest son born about 1598, was created a Baronet, by privy seal and patent in 1621, and being a person of principal interest in Westmeath., had a commis-sion in 1641 for the Government of the County, but not being able to preserve it from the ravages of the rebels, he stood neuter for some time, in order to preserve himself. He was comprehended in the Articles made at Kilkenny in 1652 and 1653, and was permitted to enjoy, till further order, so much of Dardistown and Moyrath, as were not let or disposed of to any other person. He married Alison, daughter and heir of Robert Barnewell, of Robertstown, in the county Meath, by whom he had issue,
I. Christopher, who died before him, without issue,
II Sir Robert.
III. Francis, of whom presently.
IV. Mary, married to Richard, second Earl of Westmeath, as before stated.
V. Mabel, the second wife of Laurence Cruise, of The Naull.

Francis, the second surviving son, Who lived at Dardistown, married Bridget, sister of William Dongan, Earl of Limerick, by whom he had issue, four sons and two daughters.
We now return to Sir Robert, the second Baronet; he succeeded at Moyrath, and was seated at Taghmon. He was declared innocent of the rebellion, and in 1662 was restored to the estate, when his father should die; he had also a grant of lands under the Act of Settlement in 1666. He married Thomasine, daughter of ----- Eure, of Ballyardon, and died in 1675, leaving issue by her, one son, Sir Thomas, and daughters.
Sir Thomas, the third Baronet, married in 1675, Anne, youngest daughter of Carey, Earl of Roscommon, and commanding a regi-ment for King James II., followed him to France, and was raised to the rank of Colonel in that kingdom. By her he had issue two sons -- Sir John Nugent, of Faragh, and Richard, both attainted for the rebellion.

Of the Bracklyn Branch, was Thomas Nugent, who in 1542, married Alicia, daughter of George Barnewall, of Arrolston, and left a daughter, Anne, (married to her first cousin, Edward, son of George Barnewall,) and a son, Edward Nugent, of Bracklyn, who died in 1597 ; his son, Thomas, having died before him, he was succeeded by his grandson, Edward. He had issue six sons, Gilbert, Peter, Gerald, Robert, Thomas, and John. The eldest married Rose daughter of James Walsh, of Shanganagli, and was father to Edward, of Bracklyn, who had a son, Edward, and a daughter, Eleanor, married to Robert Nugent. Edward, of Bracklyn, sixth in descent from Thomas, as above, died in 1730, leaving three sons,
I. Nicholas who died without issue.
II. Michael, of Bracklyn, who married in 1718, Margery, daughter of Thomas Nugent, of Dungomin, county Cavan.
III. Oliver, of Clonygerath, in this County, who in 1719, married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Patrick Dowdall, of Clonmerril, (by his wife, Antic Nugent,) and had issue daughter, Mary, born 1720, who died soon after,
James Nugent, eldest son of Richard, tenth Baron of Delvin married, as before stated, Elizabeth, elder daughter and co-heir of Sir Robert Hollywood, of Artaine, in the county of Dublin, by whom he obtained the estates of Drumcree., Dysert and Frewgin, or Donouer.

These estates had been purchased by Sir Robert Hollywood from the heirs of Sir Theobald de Verdon, husband to the eldest daughter of Sir William de Lacie, in the reign of Richard II.

Robert, the second son, succeeded at Drumcree; he was living in 1487; his son, Christopher, died in 1526, having married Eleanora Plunkett, by whom he had issue two sons, Oliver and Edward.

Oliver was knighted, and married Anne, daughter of Thomas Barnewall, of Newtown; he died in 1557, and left issue by her,
Sir Robert, his heir, who married Anne daughter of Sir Thomas Nugent of Karro Langston, by whom he had issue. He died 1560, or 1562, leaving his son, Oliver, four years of age. He married Anne, eldest daughter of Edward Barnewall, of Crickstown, by whom he had issue four sons,

I. Christopher, died without issue,
II. Robert, died also without issue.
III. Lavallin who succeeded at Drumcree.
IV. Richard.

Lavallin married Elizabeth by whom he had issue, six sons and four daughters. He died in 1610, and by his eldest son,

Nicholas born in 1570; he married Anne Birmingham, by whom he had a daughter, Margery (who married James White, of Clongell, in the county of Meath,) and a son,Christopher, of Drumcree, who married Margaret Reilly, by whom he had issue three sons -- Oliver, John, and Robert.

Oliver adhered to King James II., and forfeited his estates. He married in 1689, Jane, sister of Christopher Nugent, of Dardistown, and left issue, one son and one daughter. From this family is descended that of Streamstown.


Lavallin Nugent, third son of James, eldest son of Richard, tenth Baron of Delvin, by, Elizabeth Hollywood, as before stated. He married Mary, daughter of John Pettyt, Baron of Mullengar, by whom he had issue two sons. Edward, the elder, married Catherine, daughter of John, Lord Slane, by whom he had issue, James, his heir, who married Mary, daughter of Sir John Barnewell, of Crickstown, by whom he had issue, Christopher, who married the eldest daughter of Sir John Russel of Sealstown; by her he had issue, Sir Garrett, who married Margaret Cheevers, of Macetown, by whom he had issue,
Edward, who succeeded his father, and represented this County in Parliament, with Edward Nugent of Morton in 1585. He married Margaret, daughter of the Great O'Connor Offaley; by her he had issue, two sons---Sir Robert and Andrew.
He was succeeded by his eldest son, Sir Robert, seated at Ballybranagh, in this County, and had a general pardon granted to him in 1608 another in 1609, and a third in 1610. He married Jane, daughter of Edward Brereton, but died without issue by. her, and was succeeded in 1620 by his brother,Andrew, then forty-four years of age, and married to Maud, Ferrall, of Mornin. He had, in 1620, a special livery of his inheritance, and in virtue of the Commission of Grace, had a confirmation in 1638, of the entire manor and lands of Dysert, and the castle, town, and lands of Tullachan, with many other lands in the counties of Meath, Westmeath, and Dublin, all of which had been granted to his brother, Sir Robert, by patent, in 1611.. By his wife he had issue four sons,
I. Edward, of whom. presently.
II. Christopher, of Kilcowley and Scurlockstown.
III. John.
IV. Robert who left a son Robert, alive in ]783.
Edward, the eldest son, married Catherine, daughter of Sir Ambrose Forth, Knt. by whom he had issue two sons - Lavallin and Ambrose.
Lavallin married Ellice, daughter of Sir Edmond Tuite, of Tuitestown; he died in 1701, having had issue by her six sons and one daughter,
I. James, the eldest, married Barbara, daughter of Hans Widman., (afterwards Wood,) of Hanstown and dying before his father, left a daughter Catherine the first wife of Gerald Dillon, of Dillon's Grove in the county of Roscommon.
II. Garret, the second son, succeeded at Dysert and Tullachan,
of whom presently
III. Robert. IV. Thomas. V.' Andrew. VI. Peter-all died before their father, without issue.
VII. Bridget, married Richard, the son of Robert Nugent, of Aghnagaron in the county of Longford, who died without issue in 1701.
Garret, of Dysert, married Alison, daughter of Sir Robert Nugent, of Taghmon, Bart., and dying in 1728, left issue,

I. Andrew, his heir, of whom presently.
II. James, who married Frances daughter of James Nugent,
of Castle Nugent, and died in 1742, having had issue.
III. Barbara, married John Aylward, of the County of Galway.
Andrew the eldest son, married Catherine daughter of Thomas fourth Earl of Westmeath, by whom he had issue four sons and three daughters,

I. Lavallin., born in 1722, of whom presently.
II. John. III. Anthony. IV. Patrick, who died young.
V. Margaret, married in 1738, Andrew Savage, of Portaferry,
the County Down, and died in 1741 leaving issue, two sons-Patrick, born in 1739, and Andrew.
VI. Barbara., married James., son and heir to Hugh O'Reilly,
of Ballinlough, by whom she had issue, several children.
VII. Alicia, married Christopher Barnewall.
Lavallin, the eldest son, became seated at Tullachan, where he lived several years, and died unmarried about the year ---- He was succeeded by his brother,
John, who had been Governor of Tortola, and died unmarried in the year 1812.
Anthony, the youngest son died during his life time of his elder brother, Lavallin.

On the death of Governor John Nugent the property devolved on Sir Huge O'Reilly, of Ballinlough, and on Andrew Savage, of Portaferry, both of whom assumed the name of Nugent. Another part of the property came to Admiral Sir John Talbot (who died in 1851), son of his niece, Baroness Talbot of Malahide.
Andrew Nugent was fourth son of James, eldest son of Richard, tenth Baron of Delvin, by Elizabeth Hollywood, as before stated, He settled at Frewgin, or Donouer, and married Mary O'Dowd, by whom he had issue, two sons,

I. Walter.
II. Theobald, who left a son William.
Walter married the daughter of Sir James Dillon, of Drumrany, by whom he had issue two sons.

I. James.
II. Meyler.
James succeeded at Donouer, and dying in 1580, left by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Nugent

I. Richard, his heir.
II. Christopher, of Clonlost, or Newbridge, of whom hereafter,
(See Appendix No. 5)
Richard succeeded at Donouer; he married in 1580, Maud, daughter of Sir Christopher Barnewall, of Crickstown, and dying 1616, left issue by her,

I. Andrew, of whom presently.
II. James, died and was buried in Multyfarnon.
III. Elizabeth, married, Walter Nugent, of Portlomon.
Andrew, his heir, succeeded at Donouer, and had a special livery of his estate in 1629. He married Eleanor, daughter of Christopher, ninth Lord of Killeen, by her he had issue,
1. Walter, of whom presently.
In 1633 he, settled his estate to his own use for life, with remainder to his son Walter. He was appointed in 1641, a Captain in the Irish army, and had the command of one hundred men, for which he, was indicted, as was also his son Walter.
Walter, of Donouer, married Bridget, daughter of Sir Christopher Nugent, of Moyrath, by whom be had issue, three sons, the eldest of whom was Robert, of whom presently, and one daughter, Frances, married to William Birmingham, of Corballis, in Meath, whose daughter, Mary, married Peter Delemar, of Balnefid, and left an only surviving son, Peter, an officer of Horse in the French service, who died in l750.
We now return to Robert the heir, who succeeded at Donouer. He married, first, Alice, sister, of William, Lord Viscount Dongan, and secondly Rose, daughter of John Rooth. He had issue besides his daughter three sons,
I. Edward, of whom presently.
II John, of Corballis, who, in 1688, had a grant of lands in this County and in Dublin, and was Member of Parliament for Fore.
III. Andrew, who resided in Dublin, and followed the medical profession he married a Miss Purcel, of Crumlin, and died in 1736, leaving issue by her, two sons and two daughters.
Thomas, the eldest son, was in the French service.
We now return to Edward, the eldest son; he succeeded at Donouer, and married in 1703, Mary, daughter of Edmond Nugent, of Carlanstown; by her (who died in 1721,) he had issue an only son and three daughters,

I. Thomas, of whom presently.
II. Clare, married in 1731, Mr. John Bryan.
III. Mary, married in 1733, George Brown, of Farrenistic, (now Levington Park,) M.D., by whom she had one son,
Joseph, and a daughter, Mary.
IV. Catherine, married in 1738, the Rev. Henry Duncan. He married secondly, in 1724, Eleanor, daughter of Charles Dowde, by whom he had issue,
I Edward, born in 1728.
II. Robert, born in 1730.
III. Walter, born in 1731.
IV. Anselmuso
He died in 1733, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Thomas, married in 1724, Mary, only daughter of James Daly, of Carrownekelly, (now Dunsandle) in the county of Galway, and had issue by her, three sons,

I. James, of whom presently.
II. Peter, of whom hereafter.
III. John, who died without issue. And one daughter,
IV. Christina, married to Pierce Fitzgerald, of whom also hereafter.
James, the eldest son, succeeded at Donouer, and married in 1761, Catherine, elder daughter and co-heir to Robert King, of Drewstown in the county of Meath, who died without issue in 1787. He was created, a Baronet in 1768, and in 1788, married secondly Miss Nugent, sister to Laurence Coy Nugent, but died between 1792 and 1796, without issue. He was succeeded by his brother.
Sir Peter, second Baronet; he married Mary, relict of ---Rogers, but died in 1797 without issue.
We now return to Pierce Fitzgerald, who married Christina, daughter of Thomas Nugent, of Donore by whom he had issue,

I. Thomas, of whom presently, elder son.
II. Lattin.
Thomas entered the Royal Navy, and married Mary, daughter of Christopher Dardis, of Jigginstown, in this County. He took the name of Nugent, and is supposed to have fallen in action. He served as Sheriff in 1801. By his wife he had issue,

I. Percy, of whom presently.
II. Peter, born in 1802, called to the Bar; he inherits the fa-
mily estate of his grandfather, Pierce Fitzgerald, which surname be bears.
III. Thomas, drowned in 1838; died unmarried.
IV. Ellen, V. Mary -- both died young.
Pierce, or Percy, succeeded at Donouer, and on the death of Lady Nugent in 1831, acquired the property. He was born in 1797, and married in 1823, Elizabeth Maria Eleanor, only daughter of Walter Sweetman, by, whom he has issue,

I. Thomas, born in 1824.
II. Walter, born in 1827.
III. Percy, born in 1828.
IV. James, born in 1833,
V. Margaret.
VI. Anna Maria.
He was created a Baronet in 1831 by sign manual he assumed the name and arms of Nugent. He served as Sheriff in 1835, and represented this County in Parliament.
Andrew Nugent, the fourth son of James, eldest son of Richard, tenth Baron Delvin, by Elizabeth Hollywood, as before stated. He settled at Frewgin or Donouer, and married Mary O'Dowd, by whom he had issue,

I. Walter.
II. Theobald, who left a son William.
Walter succeeded, and married the daughter of Sir James Dillon, of Drumrany, and by her had issue,

I. James, who succeeded.
II. Meyler.
James succeeded at Donouer; he married Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher Nugent, and dying in 1580, left issue by her,

I. Richard, his heir, who succeed at Donouer,
II. Thomas, of Newbridge or Clonlost, of whom we treat,
This Thomas married Ismay, daughter of Theobald Nugent, of Newhaggard. He settled at Clonlost, and had issue by his wife,

I. James, of whom presently.'
II. Oliver of Wardenstown.
This monument is erected by Thomas Nugent, Esq., of Clonlost, for the interment of himself, and Ismay Nugent, his wife, daughter of Theobald Nugent, Esq., of Newhaggard, county Meath, and for sd. Thomas Nugent's family.
Anno Domini 1672.
We now return to James, born in 1573. He married Marian sister to Adam Pettyt and dying 1626, was buried with his
father, in the Chancel of Clonlost. By his wife he had issue,

I. Andrew, born in 1604, died without issue.
II. Redmond, died unmarried.
III. Thomas, of whom presently.
IV. Walter of Carpenterstown., who died in 1727, leaving issue,
1. James, died at Ratbfarnham in ;and was buried at Clonlost.
2. Walter, married Sarah, daughter of --- Judge, of Gageborough, by whom he had issue, Arthur, who married Martha daughter and sole heiress of John Raynor, of Tubbertinan in the county of Meath, by whom he had issue, Walter, of SALLYMOUNT, who married Priscilla, daughter of Andrew Sayers, and died without issue in 1838.
3. Henry
4.William, died in America
5. Thomas, died in 1788.
Thomas succeeded at Clonlost. He was a Captain in the army, and received a grant from Charles II., in 1683, of Newbridge or Clonlost, with other lands in Westmeath, which were created into the manor of Newbridge, He married in 1693, Mary, or Alice, daughter of Thomas Smyth, of Drumcree, by whom he had issue,

I. James, of whom presently.
II. Thomas married Elizabeth Hales.
III. Anne. IV. Elizabeth, married James Tisdall.
V. Alice, married Thomas Smyth.
VI. Mary, married Thomas Wade. VII. Hannah.
James succeeded, and married Jane, (born' in 1697,) fifth daughter of John Cooke, of Moygullen, now Cookesborough, by whom he had issue, He died in 1748.

I. Walter, married Miss Smyth, and was father to John Nugent of Merrion-square, with other children.
II. John, of whom presently.
III. Nicholas, a Captain in the army. IV. James.
V. Elizabeth, married Richard Reynell.
VI. Martha married Thomas Burrough. VII. Cassandra.
John succeeded at Clonlost. He married in 1753, Elizabeth Poer, eldest daughter of Richard Trench, of Garbally, in the county of Galway, sister to William, first Earl of Clancarty; by her, (who died in 1825) he had issue
I. James, of whom presently.
II. Richard, entered the army, and died in the West Indies.
III. William, died young.
IV. John, entered the army, and attained the rank of Major -General. He served with the 38th Regiment through the Peninsular Campaigns, and commanded it in several actions. He married Frances, daughter of Richard Reynell, of Rey-nella, by whom he had issue,

1. Eyre Trench John Richard late of the 59tb Regiment.
2. Frances, who married Samuel A. Reynell, of Archers-town.
V. Fanny, married Hon. Robert Rochfort. VI. Alicia.
VII. Jane. VIII. Elizabeth.
IX. Hester, married in 1790, George Magil, Captain in the 5th Dragoons ; she died in 1846, having had issue
1 John, Captain in the 38th Regiment.
2 William, of Littleton, in this County.
X. Emily, married William Lenox Naper, of Littleton, and died in 1850.
XI. Louisa, married Phillip Batty, of Ballyhealy.

We now return to James, born in 1766. He served as Sheriff in 1799, and was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Westmeath Militia. He married in 1809, Isabella, eldest daughter of Major Andrew Parke of Dunnally, in the count of Sligo. He died in 1832, leaving issue,
I. John James, of whom, of whom presently.
II. James Andrew, entered the army, is a Captain in the 36th Regiment;
married in 1844, Hester, only daughter. of John Magil, by whom he, has issue a daughter, Hester,
III. Frances Elizabeth.
IV. Isabella Louisa, married in 1842, Captain Charles Wynne, of the Royal Artillery, youngest sort of the late Rev. Henry
Wynne, of Killucan.
V. Elizabeth Emily Anne, married in 1840 to William Lamb Palmer of Raliencounty Kildare, by whom (who died in 1849) she had issue,
Isabella, Lizzy, Henrietta, all died young.
1 Charles Cooley;
2 Hamilton William;
3 Augusta.
We now return to John James, born in 1813. He entered the army, and was Captain in the 3rd Dragoon Guards, from which he retired, on his marriage in 1844 with Anne Graham youngest daughter of Sir John Robinson, K.H., of Edinburgh; by her (who (lied in 1846,) he had issue,
I. Isabella Euphemia Anne.
He married secondly, in 1851, Helen, second daughter of Thomas Graham.
This branch has descended from the Dysert family and separated from it in the person of James Nugent lineally descended from Lavallin of Dysert, third son of James, eldest son of Richard, tenth Baron Delvin.
James Nugent was born in 1594, and settled at Ballinacor, where he died in the year 1650, aged 56. He married the daughter of Edmond Nangle, of Killeenbrack, by whom he had issue, an only son, Edmond, born about 1645, who, on the petition of his guardians Edmond and Charles Nangle, (his uncles,) was declared "an innocent papist," and decreed back his property in this County in 1663 which had been sequestered and occupied by the nominees of Cromwell. He married about 1662, Elizabeth, daughter of Maurice Fitzgerald, of Redmondstown, or Rogerstown, by whom he had issue,
I. James, of whom presently.
II. Francis, a Major in the French service.
III. Robert.
IV. Thomas, in the same service.
V. Margaret, married O'Moore of Cloghan, in the King's
VI. Anne, married Theophilus Dillon of Ballymacallon ancestor to the Clonbrock family.
VII. Julia, died unmarried.
We now return to James, who succeeded on the death of his father , in 1693, at Ballinacor. He married Eleanor, eldest daughter of Major John D'Alton, of Doneil, (by his wife, the daughter of George Jones, of Rathconrath,) by whom he had issue,
I. Edmond, of whom presently.
II. John, entered the French service, and was Captain in Fitz
James's Regiment of Cavalry ; he distinguished himself particularly at the battle of Fontenoy, in 1745, on which occasion he obtained the Cross of St. Louis. He married the daughter of Commodore Pearse ; on her death he left the French service, and retired to Ballinacor, where he died in 1779, without issue.
III. Robert, IV. William, both died young.
V. Mary, married James Fox. VI. Anne, died unmarried.
VII. Frances, died unmarried, aged 103.
Edmond to whom we now return, succeeded at Ballinacor on the death of his father in 1747. He married Elizabeth,* eldest daughter of Oliver D'Alton, of Loughan, (now Mount D'Alton,) by whom he had issue, and dying in 1779, was buried in the family burial place, at Killare.
I. James, of whom presently.
II. Oliver,
III. Mary, both died infants.
James, Count Nugent, to whom we return, born in 1742, succeeded to the title in right of his mother; he married, first, during the lifetime of his father, Mary daughter of Henry Brown, of Bushtown in the county of Dublin, Barrister-at-Law; she died in her first confinement, at Ballinacor, in 1775, without issue surviving. He married secondly, Matilda, eldest daughter of Coilstantine O'Donel, of Larkfield, in the county Leitrim, and died at Ballinacor in 1811, leaving issue,

I. Edmond, of whom presently.
II. John, entered the Navy under the auspices of Admiral the late Sir Thomas Pakenham, and obtained a gold medal for his conduct at the Battle of the Nile, though only a midshipman, and has since received several marks of distinction for his conduct as a British officer. He married, but has not any issue.
III. Lavallin, died unmarried at Demerara.
IV. Constantine entered the army, and was Captain in the 64th Regiment of Foot; he was at the taking of St. Lucia, in the West Indies, and died there in 1804.
V. James, from whom the STREAMSTOWN family are descended. He died at Streamstown in 1833.
VI. Richard O'Donel., called to the Bar.
VII. Thomas D'Alton, entered the Imperial service in 1819, under the auspices of his kinsman, Field Marshal General Prince Nugent, as lieutenant in the 4th Imperial Dragoons.
VIII. Mary, married Henry Higgins.
Edmond, Count Nugent, to whom we now return, succeeded on the death of his father, having married in 1798, Teresa, daughter of Bryan Geoghegan, of Rosemount, by whom he had issue. He died in 1828.
I. James, of whom presently.
II. Bryan.
III. Gilbert.
IV. John Joseph, of Rosemounnt, married Anna, daughter of George Stapleton, of Mountjoy Square, Dublin.
V. Edmond, died unmarried in 1850.
VI. Teresa, married in 1826, William Thomas Dillon, of Togherstown.
VII. Elizabeth married in 1842, Captain James Fitzgerald, of the 77th Regiment.
VIII. Bridget, became a nun.,
IX. Matilda,
X. Mary, both died young.

James Count Nugent, to whom we now return, succeeded at Ballinacor on the death of his father. , He served as Sheriff in 1838, in which year he married Olivia, fourth daughter of George Stapleton, of Mountjoy-square, in the City, and of Cassino, in the county of Dublin, by whom he has issue,
I. Edmond, born in 1842.
II. George, born in 1843.
III. James, born in 1845.
IV. Richard, born in 1850
V. Mary Josephine.
VI. Anna.
The estate of Ballinacor was sold in 1852, in the Incumbered Estates Court.
*Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Oliver D'Alton, of Loughan, (now Mount Dalton,) by Catherine, daughter of Hugh O'Reilly, of Ballin-lough, by a daughter of Sir Daniel O'Neil, which daughter Catherine was a sister of James O'Reilly of Ballinlough, the eldest son of the said Hugh; which James married Barbara, daughter of Andrew Nugent of Tullaghan and Dysert, by Lady Catherine Nugent, daughter of, Thomas, fourth Earl of Westmeath, and was father of Sir Hugh O'Reilly of Ballinlough, created a baronet in 1795. Elizabeth D'Alton was sister of Christopher D'Alton of Mount D'Alton, and of General Richard Count D'Alton, Field Marshal, Governor of the Netherlands, who died at Spires unmarried in 1792, and of General James D'Alton, both of the Imperial service. She was, by patent of the Empress Maria 'Teresa, dated 14th April, 1778, created a Countess of the Em-pire, with remainder to her eldest son, James.



The name of NUGENT is derived from the residence of its first bearers at Nogent or Nugent in Normandy, France. It was taken into the British Isles at the time of the Norman Conquest of that country and is found in ancient English, Irish and early American records in various forms of Nogent, Nugen, Nogen, Nugen, Nugent and others. Of all these spellings, the last is that most often used.

According to family historians the Nugents trace their descent from Evas de Belesme, powerful Norman Baron, Lord of the Castle, lands and tower of Belesme, Normandy, who died in the year 993AD. By his wife Godchilda, he was the father of a son named William. This William, Lord of Belesme and Count of Alancon, served under Robert King of France. By his first wife Matilda he left three sons, Fulke, Robert and William de Belesme. His second wife Adelais gave him another son Warrin de Belesme who became Lord of Damfort, Mortaign and Nogent in Normandy and Viscount of Chateaudun. Warrin died in 1026 leaving issue by his wife Millicent, the daughter and heir of Hugh, Viscount Chateaudun, of a son named Geoffry (or Geoffrey). Geoffry, Viscount Chateaudun, Lord of Montaign, Nogent and Gallardon, married Elvdic, daughter of Odo, Count of Champaigne, and had at least two sons, Hugh and Rotron de Nugent, of whom the former died young.

Rotron de Nugent (the first of the family so designated), Viscount Chateaudun, married Adeline, daughter of Nigen de Mowbray, of Picardy, and was the father by her of Geoffry, Hugh, Rotron and Fulquois de Nugent. Of these brothers, the first was created Count of Mortaign and Nogent and commanded a division of the army of William the Conqueror in 1066. Hugh became Viscount Chateaudun, and Fulquois, who was also a follower of the Norman Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings. His sons were Gilbert, Richard, Christopher and John de Nugent, of whom the last three accompanied Sir Hugh de Lacie on his expedition to Ireland in the year 1172.

John de Nugent had at least two sons, Hugh and Philip, of whom the first served in Ireland with
His cousins, Hugh de Lacy and Gilbert de Nugent, and received a grant of lands at Bracklyn, County Meath. He died in 1213, leaving issue by his wife Typhano of Gilbert and Richard, of whom the former settled in Bracklyn. His sons were Hugh, Eugene and Almeric de Nugent. Of these Hugh married Mabel, daughter of Thomas le Tuite, by whom however he had no issue. His second wife Joan, daughter of Nicholas Drake, gave him two sons, Nicholas and Sir Hugh, of whom the latter resided at Everardstown, County Dublin, in 1322, and left issue there by his wife Margaret, daughter of Walter Cusack, of Nicholas, Walter and Geoffry.

Nicholas de Nugent, elder son of Hugh and Joan, was the father of Richard, who married Juliana, daughter of Nicholas Drake, of County Meath. Richard had a son named Nicholas Nugent who had a wife named Judith and two sons, Thomas and Sir William. The younger son, Sir William “Fitz Nicholas” Nugent became Baron Of Delvin, County Meath. In 1407 he married the Hon. Catherine Fitz John, daughter and heir of John Fitz John, Baron Of Delvin. To this union were born two sons, The Right Hon. Richard Nugent and Sir William Oge Nugent, of whom the latter was the progenitor of the Nugents of Moyrath, Dardistown, Ballinselott, Culvin and Gillstown, Ireland

The Right Hon. Richard Nugent, Baron of Delvin, was Sheriff of Meath in 1424, Lord Deputy of Ireland in 1444, and Seneschal of Meath in 1452. By his wife Catherine, daughter of Thomas Drake, he had issue of the Hon. James and Edward Nugent, of whom the latter was the ancestor of the family in County Waterford. The Hon James married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Hollywood, and was the father by her of three sons, the Right Hon. Christopher Nugent, Baron of Delvin, Robert and Andrew, of whom the first continued the elder line of the family, while Andrew founded a family of the name in Westmeath.

Robert Nugent, the second son of the Hon. James Nugent, owned the lands of Drumcree, Ballystrowan, and Oldbawn, County Westmeath. By his wife, Anna Cusack, he had a son named Christopher, who died in 1526, leaving by his wife Elinor, daughter of Alexander Plunkett, of Sir Oliver, Robert, Edward, the Right Reverend Edmund (Bishop of Kilmore), William, Richard, James, Anna and Elinor. Of these, Sir Oliver Nugent married Anna, daughter of Thomas Barnewall, and died in 1557, leaving issue of Christopher, Robert, Lavallin, Richard and Anne, of whom the first died without issue. Robert, the second son, left only one child, Oliver by his wife Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Nugent, of County Meath, and his son died without issue before reaching maturity

Lavallin Nugent, third son an eventual heir of Sir Oliver, was the father by his wife Elizabeth of Nicholas, Robert, Edward, Oliver Christopher, Richard, Margaret, Elinor, Elizabeth and Maud.
Nicholas, the eldest of these, married Anne, daughter of James Bi(e)rmingham, and left issue by her of James, Thomas. Lavallin and Margery, of whom the first married Margaret, daughter of John Dillon. This James was the father of Oliver, John and Robert, of whom the first was a Colonel in King James’ Army and a Major General in the French Service. He married Jane, only daughter of Christopher Nugent, a cousin and descendant of Andrew of the family of Westmeath, Ireland, of Dardistown, in Westmeath, and left a son named Walter who served as a Captain in the Imperial Service. The family estates were declared forfeit after the Battle of the Boyne, and many of the family left Ireland for the Continent and the Americas. The last mentioned Walter married Elinor, daughter of James Cusack and had a son of the same name, Walter. By his wife Antoinetta, daughter of Jacob de Roux, of Antigua, the last Walter was the father of Walter, Oliver, Sir Nicholas Tyrrel Le Roux Nugent (Baronet), Margaret, Mary, Antoinetta, Sarah and Eleanor
(Note: Margaret possibly married Sir Peter Parker in 1760)

Oliver Nugent, son of Walter and Antoinetta, was first married in 1759 to Elizabeth, daughter of William Dunbar, of Kirkcudbright, Ireland, and was the father by her of Robert Skerrett, Walter, Oliver, Mary, Barbara and Antoinetta. The second wife of Oliver was Bridget Margaret, daughter of Stephen Lynch and their children were Lord Percy, Nicholas, John, and Christian

John Nugent emigrated from Limerick, County Limerick, Ireland, to America in 1831, and settled in Brock County, Ontario, Canada with his wife, Catherine Cooney and five children, Edward, Thomas, John, Richard, age twelve years and Mary a baby of three months

Richard Nugent married Sarah Pangham to whom were born Sterling. John, Richard Jr., James, Katherine, Jane, Mary, Sarah, Henry, William, Elizabeth and Thomas
Mary Nugent married Michael Sullivan, to whom was born Mary, Katherine, Margaret May, Annie, William and Elizabeth
After the death of Michael Sullivan, Mary Nugent Sullivan married James Porter, They left no issue by this union
The two families (Nugents and Sullivans) migrated to the United States from Canada in 1863 and 1865 and settled in Bingham and Verona townships, Huron County, Michigan

Sterling Nugent married Pheobe Rogers to whom were born Etta, Laura, George, Sterling Jr., Alex and Phil

John Nugent married Mary Ann Slack to whom were born Hattie Effie, Warren, Howard, Judson, Clarence and Beulah Abigail

Richard Nugent Jr. married Margaret May Sullivan to whom were born Michael Wallace and Mary Elizabeth

James Nugent married Elizabeth O’Sullivan to whom were born Cecil Thomas, James Alger, Michael John, Harry Edward, Ela William, Lester Gregory, Merwenna, Margaret, Richard and Helen

Katherine Nugent married William Gardner to were was born Sterling, Sarah Lavina, Jennie and Mary

Jane Nugent married William Warren to whom were born Tillie and Early

Mary Nugent married John Warren to whom were born Tryphena Sarah Ann, Eva Blanch, Richard Lester, Edna Dean, Elizabeth May, Mary Ellen and Thurza Catherine

Sarah Nugent married Richard Martin to whom was born Jennie

Henry Nugent married Irene Granger to whom were born Beulah, Libbie, Melzer, Hershel, Grant, Leslie and Lyle

William Nugent married Alice Bradley who left no issue

Elizabeth Nugent married William J. Sullivan to whom were born May and Richard

Thomas Nugent married Mandelia Bacus to whom were born Thelma, Ardis, Clara and Thomas Jr.

To Richard Nugent Jr., and his wife Margaret May Sullivan, was born Michael Wallace

To Michael Wallace Nugent and his wife, Alice Maud Richardson, daughter of James W. Richardson and Rosanna Murdock, was born Kenneth Richardson Nugent, September 22nd 1909

  • AFT 1787 - Birth -
  • 10 MAR 1833 - Death -
  • 14 OCT 1798 - Fact -
Walter Nugent
- APR 1775
Edward Nugent , Col.
24 JUL 1755 - 23 MAR 1836
Rebecca Woodward
ABT 1737 - 1817
Adriana Spencer
- 6 AUG 1839
Family Group Sheet - Child
PARENT (M) Edward Nugent , Col.
Birth24 JUL 1755
Death23 MAR 1836
MarriageABT 1787to Adriana Spencer
FatherWalter Nugent
MotherRebecca Woodward
PARENT (F) Adriana Spencer
Death6 AUG 1839
MarriageABT 1787to Edward Nugent , Col.
Marriageto ?
FatherJohn Spencer
FJuliana Caroline Rebecca Adriana Nugent
BirthAFT 1787
Death10 MAR 1833
Marriage1 JUN 1811to Frederick Ayrton at St. Lukes Church, Chelsea, London
MJames Nugent
Death25 JAN 1815
Family Group Sheet - Spouse
PARENT (M) Frederick Ayrton
Birth1780London. Christened 6 April 1780 at Saint Andrew, Holborn.
Death24 NOV 1824 Bombay, India
Marriage1 JUN 1811to Juliana Caroline Rebecca Adriana Nugent at St. Lukes Church, Chelsea, London
FatherThomas Ayrton
MotherAnn Hodges
PARENT (F) Juliana Caroline Rebecca Adriana Nugent
BirthAFT 1787
Death10 MAR 1833
Marriage1 JUN 1811to Frederick Ayrton at St. Lukes Church, Chelsea, London
FatherEdward Nugent , Col.
MotherAdriana Spencer
FMatilda Adriana Ayrton
Birth1 JUN 1813Chelsea, London (baptised Richmond according to Andi Smith)
Death26 JAN 189998 Palace Gardens Terrace, Kensington, London.
Marriage6 APR 1835to John Clarke Chaplin at Marylebone, London (New Church)
MEdward Nugent Ayrton
Birth13 MAR 1815Richmond, Surrey, christened Saint Mary Magdalen, Richmond 23 April 1815
Death28 NOV 1873Buried at Bexhill, Sussex, west of St Leonard's, NOT Box Hill.
Marriage28 AUG 1866to Emma Sophie Althof at Parish Church, Freshwater, Isle of Wight
MFrederick Ayrton
Birth20 MAR 1812Chelsea, London
Death20 JUN 1873Arundel Gardens, London
Marriage13 AUG 1833to Margaret Hicks at St Paul's, Walden, Hertfordshire. Witnesses were J C Chaplin and his two sisters, M A Ayrton and her brother Edward Nuge
MActon Smee Ayrton
Birth5 AUG 1816Richmond, London
Death30 NOV 1886Mont Doré Hotel, Bournemouth
MJohn Hyde Ayrton
Birth4 JAN 1818Kew, London
Death1845Sawent Warree, India
Descendancy Chart
Juliana Caroline Rebecca Adriana Nugent b: AFT 1787 d: 10 MAR 1833
Frederick Ayrton b: 1780 d: 24 NOV 1824
Matilda Adriana Ayrton b: 1 JUN 1813 d: 26 JAN 1899
John Clarke Chaplin b: 25 AUG 1806 d: 2 JUN 1856
Holroyd Chaplin b: 17 MAR 1840 d: 23 DEC 1917
Euphemia Isabella Skinner b: 7 JUN 1847 d: 10 SEP 1939
Irene Kate Chaplin b: 1 MAR 1873 d: 22 JUN 1962
John William Ernest Pearce b: 4 APR 1864 d: 25 JAN 1951
Edward Holroyd Pearce , Lord b: 9 FEB 1901 d: 27 NOV 1990
Erica Priestman b: 1906 d: DEC 1985
Richard Bruce Holroyd Pearce b: 12 MAY 1930 d: 1987
James Edward Holroyd Pearce b: 18 MAR 1934 d: 11 JUN 1985
Phyllis Margaret Pearce b: 8 FEB 1910 d: 6 JUN 1973
Edward Douglas Eade b: 7 FEB 1911 d: 24 DEC 1984
John Allan Chaplin Pearce b: 21 OCT 1912 d: 15 SEP 2006
Helen Nugent Pearce b: 22 NOV 1917 d: 6 APR 1920
Effie Irene Pearce b: 18 AUG 1899 d: 26 JAN 1996
Raymond Ray-Jones b: 31 AUG 1886 d: 26 FEB 1942
Holroyd Anthony Ray-Jones b: 7 JUN 1941 d: 13 MAR 1972
Allan Nugent Chaplin b: 8 JUN 1871 d: 1917
Son Chaplin b: 29 NOV 1900 d: ABT 29 NOV 1900
Matilda Effie Chaplin b: 20 JUN 1874 d: 20 DEC 1874
Phyllis Chaplin b: 7 JUN 1879 d: 27 JUL 1924
Philip Herbert Cowell b: 1870 d: 1949
Theodoric Chaplin b: 14 FEB 1881 d: 29 OCT 1906
Daphne Grace Chaplin b: 6 SEP 1884 d: 16 FEB 1964
Daphne Grace Chaplin b: 6 SEP 1884 d: 16 FEB 1964
Cecil Arbuthnot Gould b: 1883 d: 1917
Allan Chaplin , Col b: 20 JUN 1844 d: 19 AUG 1910
Maud Elizabeth Skinner b: 25 OCT 1844 d: 24 JUN 1904
Wyndham Allan Chaplin , Mus. Bac. Oxon., Rev b: 12 NOV 1872 d: 29 AUG 1914
Evelyn Dorothea Williamson b: 1873 d: 1945
Mabel Florance Ida Chaplin b: 7 OCT 1875 d: 1970
Charles Nugent Hope-Wallace b: 3 FEB 1877 d: 15 OCT 1953
Philip Hope-Wallace b: NOV 1911 d: 1979
Nina Mary Hope-Wallace b: 14 DEC 1905 d: 1995
BART, Sir Edward O Hoare b: 29 APR 1898 d: 1969
Maud Dorothea Fanny Chaplin b: 23 JUL 1880 d: 6 NOV 1899
Louisa Sarah Chaplin b: 23 APR 1838 d: 9 JUL 1897
John Edwin Hilary Skinner b: 11 JAN 1839 d: 20 NOV 1894
John Allan Cleveland Skinner b: 19 SEP 1865 d: 8 SEP 1925
Hilary Francis Cleveland Skinner b: 10 OCT 1889 d: 25 JUL 1916
John Adrian Dudley Skinner b: 2 SEP 1891 d: 30 MAY 1965
Bruce Allan Maclean Skinner b: 29 AUG 1927 d: 2002
Caroline Louisa Marianne Skinner b: 22 FEB 1873 d: 20 JUN 1936
Roandeu Albert Henry Bickford-Smith b: 3 MAY 1859 d: 13 DEC 1916
William Nugent Venning Bickford-Smith b: 14 MAY 1892 d: 3 SEP 1975
Amy Evelyn Holme b: 6 SEP 1906 d: 21 JUL 1979
Leslie Evelyn Bickford-Smith b: 1928 d: 1990
Leonard James Jacob b: 1928 d: 1989
John Allan Bickford-Smith b: 23 APR 1895 d: 8 MAY 1970
Joan Angel Allsebrook Simon b: 8 AUG 1901 d: 13 APR 1991
Norman Kennedy d: 1926
Hilary John Bickford-Smith Cdr RN b: 8 FEB 1926 d: 25 MAY 1988
Aubrey Louis Bickford-Smith b: 4 FEB 1902 d: 9 JUL 1975
Roger Bickford-Smith b: 1939 d: 1997
Clifton Wyndham Hilary Skinner , R.F.A. b: 26 MAR 1880 d: 17 FEB 1908
Ayrton Chaplin , Rev b: 19 OCT 1842 d: 1930
Edith Elizabeth Pyne b: 28 SEP 1845 d: 1928
Ursula (Ulla) Chaplin , M.D. b: 30 NOV 1869 d: 1937
Adriana (Audrey) Chaplin b: 26 APR 1872 d: 15 DEC 1945
Ursula Joan Gregory b: 29 JUL 1896 d: 17 JUL 1959
Christopher John (Kit) Gregory b: 11 JUL 1900 d: 1977
Marion Eastty Black b: 3 MAY 1902 d: AUG 1998
Elizabeth Gregory b: 22 OCT 1933 d: 1938
Henry Ayrton Chaplin , L.R.C.P. & S. b: 21 AUG 1876 d: 2 JUL 1905
Matilda Charlotte Chaplin , M.D. b: 20 JUN 1846 d: 19 JUL 1883
William Edward Ayrton , F.R.S. b: 14 SEP 1847 d: 6 NOV 1908
Edith Chaplin Ayrton b: 1 OCT 1874 d: 5 MAY 1945
Israel Zangwill b: 21 JAN 1864 d: 1 AUG 1926
Margaret (Peggy) Zangwill b: 12 APR 1910
Oliver Louis Zangwill b: 29 OCT 1913 d: 12 OCT 1987
Joy Moult b: 1924 d: 2016
David Ayrton Zangwill b: FEB 1952 d: 1953
Ayrton Israel Zangwill b: 15 AUG 1906
James Edward Nugent b: 3 JAN 1833
Margaret Louisa Nugent d: JUL 1905
Philip O'Reilly d: 24 SEP 1912
Edward Nugent Ayrton b: 13 MAR 1815 d: 28 NOV 1873
William Edward Ayrton , F.R.S. b: 14 SEP 1847 d: 6 NOV 1908
Matilda Charlotte Chaplin , M.D. b: 20 JUN 1846 d: 19 JUL 1883
Edith Chaplin Ayrton b: 1 OCT 1874 d: 5 MAY 1945
Israel Zangwill b: 21 JAN 1864 d: 1 AUG 1926
Margaret (Peggy) Zangwill b: 12 APR 1910
Oliver Louis Zangwill b: 29 OCT 1913 d: 12 OCT 1987
Joy Moult b: 1924 d: 2016
David Ayrton Zangwill b: FEB 1952 d: 1953
Ayrton Israel Zangwill b: 15 AUG 1906
Phoebe Sarah (Hertha) Marks b: 28 APR 1854 d: 26 AUG 1923
Barbara Bodichon Ayrton b: 3 APR 1886 d: OCT 1950
Gerald Gould b: 1885 d: 1936
Michael Ayrton b: 20 FEB 1921 d: 17 NOV 1975
Frederick Ayrton b: 20 MAR 1812 d: 20 JUN 1873
Margaret Hicks b: 1808 d: 12 SEP 1873
Agnes Nugent Ayrton b: 31 MAY 1834 d: 24 APR 1907
Charles Cyril Hicks , Dr b: 1832 d: ABT OCT 1894
Frederick Ayrton b: 1836
Acton Smee Ayrton b: 5 AUG 1816 d: 30 NOV 1886
John Hyde Ayrton b: 4 JAN 1818 d: 1845